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Title: A Non-Invasive Cyberrisk in Cooperative Driving
Year: 2017
Abstract: This paper presents a hacking risk arising in fully-automated cooperative driving. As opposed to common cyberrisk scenarios, this scenario does not require internal access to an automated car at all, and is therefore largely independent of current on-board malware protection. A hacker uses a wireless mobile device, for example a hacked smartphone, to send vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) signals from a human-driven car, masquerading it as a fully-automated, cooperating vehicle. It deliberately engages only in high-risk cooperative maneuvers with other cars, in which the unwitting human driver is expected to perform a specific maneuver to avoid collisions with other vehicles. As the human driver is unaware of the planned maneuver, he fails to react as expected by the other vehicles; depending on the situation, a severe collision risk can ensue. We propose a vision-based countermeasure that only requires state-of-the-art equipment for fully-automated vehicles, and assures that such an attack without internal access to an automated car is impossible.
Link: https://mediatum.ub.tum.de/1421320